By Soniya Carvalho
This overview assesses, utilizing on hand review facts, how the realm Bank's nation quarter, and international courses are supporting consumers paintings towards the MDGs and comparable goals. The findings of this year's Annual assessment point out that the Bank's nation, area, and worldwide courses are in step with the MDG topics and feature more and more concerned with poverty aid. additionally they recommend numerous parts for elevated emphasis, a few of that are receiving larger financial institution recognition. primarily, the financial institution must extra totally examine the consequences on the company, kingdom, zone, and worldwide degrees of the MDGs and handle those implications in its use of lending and administrative assets.
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Extra resources for 2002 Annual Review of Development Effectiveness: Achieving Development Outcomes : The Millennium Challenge
2 Development challenges posed by the MDGs include: • Incorporating country priorities and conditions. Even though most MDGs are defined in relative rather than absolute terms, individual countries will still have to customize goals and targets according to their national priorities, institutional capacity, and level of progress. Careful attention must be paid to assigning relative weights across the MDGs and the sectors and subsectors they cover, as well as across regions within a country. Choices will have to be made about the relative emphasis on “access” versus “quality” and any resulting tensions and tradeoffs resolved, striking the right balance.
Given that achieving MDG outcomes requires action on several sectoral and subsectoral fronts and that the Bank’s sector strategies must be applicable over a range of differing countries. The Bank’s education sector strategy—while consistent with the Education for All (EFA) initiative, and therefore with the universal primary education MDG—also covers postprimary education. If countries are successful in achieving universal primary education, there is likely to be increased demand for secondary education.
Within countries, MDG targets could be achieved by improvements in the MDG indicators among the nonpoor. For example, a recent review by the Bank finds that since the health MDGs are stated in terms of improvement in societal averages rather than in gains among poor population groups within societies, improvements in any population group, including the betteroff, would produce progress toward the health targets (Gwatkin 2002). Special effort will be required to ensure that health interventions reach people below the poverty line if those people are to gain significantly from progress toward the MDG health targets.
2002 Annual Review of Development Effectiveness: Achieving Development Outcomes : The Millennium Challenge by Soniya Carvalho