By Ian D. Armour
A background of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation presents a accomplished, authoritative account of the area in the course of a bothered interval that accomplished with the 1st global battle. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant issues that experience outlined jap Europe within the sleek interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a unique thought and position. special insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this intriguing new version, Ian Armour contains findings from new examine into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to techniques of empire. Armour's insightful consultant to early jap Europe considers the $64000 figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are the most important to a rounded figuring out of the zone in that era.
Features of this new version include:
* a completely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
* 8 precious maps
* up-to-date content material during the text
A heritage of jap Europe 1740-1918 is the precise textbook for college students learning jap eu history.
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Extra info for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
Despite the material advantages of conversion, the majority of Ottoman Christians remained true to their faith. In parts of Bosnia, and in the Albanian-inhabited parts of the Empire, substantial numbers converted to Islam, a process which has left Muslim populations in these areas to the present. In addition, the Jewish population of the Ottoman Empire gradually rose as Jews were lured there by the promise of a religious toleration not extended to them in Christian Europe. In the sixteenth century Protestantism further divided the Christians of Eastern Europe.
Few in numbers, magnates were distinguished from the rest of the landowning or noble class by the sheer size of their estates, their fabulous wealth and their near monopoly, at least in the Habsburg Monarchy, of the high offices of state, at court, in government and in the military, as well as in the hierarchy of the Catholic Church. This was a class most visible in the Austrian and Bohemian crownlands, the Kingdom of Hungary (including Croatia) and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In this context, it is worth noting that monarchs themselves were also great landowners, as were the Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church.
True, Frederick’s practice as a ruler did not live up to his professions as a philosopher, but there can be no doubt that throughout his life the ultimate touchstone for his actions, whether in foreign policy or in domestic policies like religious toleration, legal reform and economic development, was whether they were rational. In this he was a genuinely enlightened monarch. In similar ways we can see the effect of the Enlightenment on other rulers in Eastern Europe. Catherine II of Russia was an omnivorous reader of Enlightenment thinkers, such as Montesquieu, on principles of government; Beccaria, on penal reform; and the English jurist Blackstone.
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour