James A. Mulholland's A History of Metals in Colonial America PDF

By James A. Mulholland

ISBN-10: 0817300538

ISBN-13: 9780817300531


The tale of the creation and progress of the expertise of metals within the North American colonial interval involves major advancements past the move of the know-how from the previous international to the recent. within the fight to create an indigenous undefined, within the efforts to motivate and help the paintings of metals craftsmen, within the defiance of British makes an attempt to control production of metals, the colonial society built a metals know-how that turned the foundation for destiny commercial growth.
            the writer strains colonial business improvement from the 16th during the eighteenth centuries in 9 chapters: “Before Jamestown,” “Metals within the Early Colonies,” “Copper within the Colonies,” “Colonial Iron: The start of an Industry,” “Metals Manufacture within the Colonial Period,” “Colonial Iron: legislation and Rebellion,” “Metals and the Revolution,” “The serious Years,” and “Reflections at the finish of an Era.”


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Example text

Some smelting of iron may have occurred before that using a kiln-pit, a method of reducing iron dating back to pre-Roman times. 19 Still, the idea of producing iron in Virginia was slow to develop, although there was increasing reference to the abundant presence of iron in the literature concerning the colony after 1609. One prominent account by William Strachey, Histone of Travel! into Virginia Britannia in 1613, mentioned the "excellent" mine from which Newport had obtained his iron ore. Strachey, however, like nearly all writers of the time, displayed excessive optimism and credulity concerning the mineral potential of the colony, favoring rumors of exotic metals over the substance of mundane ores like iron.

Again, help was dispatched to exploit the find, but poor Faldoe died before he could point out the site. 12 Smith's efforts to encourage agriculture were unproductive. No commercial commodities not already available at a far lower price in England or from nearby Europe issued from the colony, relations with the natives were very poor, and, still totally ignorant as they were of the vast stretch of land between Virginia and the Western Ocean, the sea route to India had not been found. By 1610, the various hopes that had inspired the foundation of the colony all were unrealized and enthusiasm in England for its continued support was at a low ebb.

The charcoal shortage had been partially alleviated by the practice of coppicing (planting thickets from which to make charcoal), but the presence in America of large quantities of good ore and the seemingly endless forests to supply charcoal, noted by Hariot as early as 1585, offered another way to lessen the strain on the domestic resources of wood. The "Nova Britannia" of 1609, a piece of propaganda filled with extravagant claims concerning "this earthly Paradise," offered as one of its more realistic observations that Virginia had "Iron and Copper also in great quantitie, about which the expense and waste of woode, as also for building Shippes, will be no hurt; .

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