By Viacheslav A. Chirikba
Abkhaz is among the 3 languages comprising the Abkhazo-Adyghean, or West Caucasian department of North Caucasian linguistic relatives (the different department being Nakh-Daghestanian, or East Caucasian). Abkhaz is spoken via nearly 100,000 humans within the former Soviet union (mainly within the Republic of Abkhazia, Caucasus), and by means of not less than a similar variety of audio system in Turkey and a few heart east nations (small Abkhaz colonies are available additionally in Western Europe and the USA). Abkhaz is infamous for its large consonantal stock (up to sixty seven consonants in its Bzyp dialect) and through its minimum vocalic approach: basically vowels. although Abkhaz was once studied by means of a couple of students (among whom P. Uslar in XIX century, or extra simply ok. Lomtatidze in Georgia and G. Hewitt in nice Britain), many points of Abkhaz grammar (especially its syntax) nonetheless need to be accurately defined. Abkhaz is the single West Caucasian language to own the class of grammatical periods, manifested in own pronouns, verb conjugation, numerals and in classification of quantity. Abkhaz is an ergative language, the ergative development being represented now not by means of case endings, as in comparable Circassian and Ubykh (Abkhaz doesn't have the case system), yet via order of actant markers. The verbal root is composed frequently of 1 consonant, preceded by way of a string of prefixes (class-personal, directional, temporal, negational, causative, etc.) and by way of few suffixes. Verbs may be stative or dynamic, finite or non-finite. The grammatical cartoon of Abkhaz comprises information regarding its phonological method, morphology, and syntax. a brief textual content is supplied with grammatical reviews.
Read Online or Download Abkhaz PDF
Similar folklore & mythology books
First released in paperback through UNM Press in 1976, how you can wet Mountain has bought over 200,000 copies. "The paperback variation of ways to wet Mountain was once first released twenty-five years in the past. One shouldn't be stunned, i assume, that it has remained important, and instant, for that's the character of tale.
First released in 1929, John R. Swanton’s Myths and stories of the Southeastern Indians is a vintage of yankee Indian folklore. throughout the years 1908-1914 Swanton amassed the myths and legends of the descendants of Muckhogean-speaking peoples dwelling in Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma, and during this quantity he preserved greater than 300 stories of the Creek, Hitchiti, Alabama, Koasati, and Natchez Indians.
In an unique and cutting edge piece of comparative learn, Gregory Shushan analyses afterlife conceptions in 5 old civilisations (Old and heart nation Egypt, Sumerian and previous Babylonian Mesopotamia, Vedic India, pre-Buddhist China, and pre-Columbian Mesoamerica). those are thought of in gentle of historic and modern stories of near-death stories, and shamanic afterlife 'journeys'.
Additional info for Abkhaz
1999. The Origin of the Abk:haz People. G. ). The Abkhazians. A Handbook. London: Curzon Press, p. 37-47. 2003 . Evidential Category and Evidential Strategy in Abkhaz. In: Studies in Evidentiality. Edited by Alexandra Y. M. W. Dixon. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company (TSL 54), pp. 243-272. -Forthcoming. A Grammar of Sadz Abkhaz. P. 1970. Sistema vremen i osnovnykh modal'nykh obrazovanij v abkhazskoabazinskikh dialektakh [The System of Tenses and Basic Modal Formations in the Abkhaz- Abaza Dialects).
In: Lingua. International Review of General Linguistics 13, no. 2, p. 111-124. K'. 1984. Apsua bezs 0a. Afonet'ik'a, amorfologia. Eihau ac'araiurtak0a rze arc'aga s 0q 00e. Ak't>Oj atez'ra. Arc'aga s 0q>Oe s'atas iamoup' ak'ademik' K. V. Lomtat1je lusumtak 0a. Aq 00a: Ala~ara, 195 pp. K. The Abkhaz Language. Phonetics, Morphology. Textbook for the Establishments of Higher Education. First edition. V. Lomtatidze. ]. 0 AMCH'-PHA, s. 1984. Apsua-abaza bezs ak 0a rlek'sik'a [Amichba, S. The Lexicon of Abkhaz and Abaza].
Which does not distinguish gender or grammatical clas~ (ji~-r-h oa-e:~t"it-the_y-said') . Its chief meaning is to indicate the reported nature of the descnbed event. verb, which refers to the author of the quote, coming first, and the reportatlve verb followmg It. Cf. the following examples: (70) dii-q 'a-n, e:~a-h 0 i -e-jt ; he-be-PAST it-he-say-AOR-DYN:FIN 'There was, they say (lit. 'he said'), a little boy' . (71) c''k"'ana X 0ac"ii-k~ boy little-IDF "sari j a-s-taxa-w wari w-i-wa-p'" I you(H:M) you(H:M)-be-PRES:STATFIN what-1-want-PRES:STAT:NFIN £1-f-h 08-£1-jf; £1-j
Abkhaz by Viacheslav A. Chirikba