Get Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation PDF

By J. Bruce Amstutz

Whilst Soviet army forces invaded Afghanistan in overdue 1979, the invasion used to be, right away, an try and store a tottering Marxist govt and a caution to either East and West that the Brezhnev Doctrine of "necessary intervention" will be enforced.

Dr. J. Bruce Amstutz, U. S. cost d’affaires in Kabul from 1977 to 1980, starts his remedy of the 1st 5 years of Soviet career with an ancient evaluation of years of Russian meddling in Afghan affairs. He follows this account with a first-hand file of the 1979 invasion, then analyzes that intervention from political, army, and fiscal views. one of the vital concerns Dr. Amstutz discusses are the varied Afghan political factions - pro-Soviet and resistance - their leaders, the human rights and refugee difficulties, diplomatic efforts to settle the clash, and Soviet measures to repress and indoctrinate the Afghans.

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Amin, who personally had triggered the coup, soon emerged as the regimes strongman. By March 1979, 11 months after the coup, Amin had so increased his political power thai he compelled Taraki to hand over to him the Prime Minister's portfolio. Six months later, on 1(> September 1979, after Taraki unsuccessfully tried to have Amin assassinated, Amin deposed Taraki; and on 6 October Amin had Taraki secretly murdered. Amin himself lasted only another two-and a-half monihs before he was deliberately killed by a Soviet death squad in 40 Afghanistan the December 1979 Soviet invasion and was replaced by Babrak Karmal.

As much as $2 hil lion, mainly to build a railroad from Kabul to Bandar Abbas. Iran, on the Gulf. Little of this aid. however, was dispensed. 1 Only the United States, as a superpower, was left as a possible counterbalance to the Soviets in influence. Yet during this period, and especially during the crucial years of 1945-55, Washington had neither the vision nor the will to become a serious rival of the Soviets in Afghanistan. Not until 1942 had an American diplomatic presence been established in Kabul.

The l%7 party split occurred not over policy differences but because of personality and ethnic differences and power-struggle rivalries. ^ The PDPA had three principal leaders (see below) at the time of the April I97S coup; each became in succession Afghan President • Ilie first was Nur Mohammad I araki, founder of the PDPA and leader of the Khalq faction. 47 Babrak had been forced into exile by Taraki and Amin in July 1978 but was brought back by the Soviets to become President after their intervention.

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Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation by J. Bruce Amstutz

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