Download e-book for iPad: An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman

By Anatoly Liberman

ISBN-10: 0816652724

ISBN-13: 9780816652723

This paintings introduces popular linguistics student Anatoly Liberman’s entire dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released some time past declare to have solved the mysteries of notice origins even if these origins were greatly disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology against this, discusses all the current derivations of English phrases and proposes the easiest one.   within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases routinely brushed off as being of unknown etymology. the various entries are one of the most ordinarily used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, lady, chicken, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, equivalent to beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united through their etymological obscurity.   This particular source ebook discusses the most difficulties within the method of etymological examine and includes indexes of matters, names, and all the root phrases. every one access is a full-fledged article, laying off mild for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main extensively disputed notice origins within the English language.   “Anatoly Liberman is among the major students within the box of English etymology. definitely his paintings might be an critical instrument for the continued revision of the etymological element of the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies   Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the collage of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, such a lot lately observe Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.

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Attempts to find a ProtoIndo-European root (for example,* gen-) from which all the Germanic verbs like nudge have been derived presuppose great antiquity of the whole group, but its old age need not be taken for granted. Gk n›ttw and n›ssw ‘push’ are probably sound symbolic formations of the same type as nudge, not akin to it. OAT (700) Contrary to what most English dictionaries say, oat is not an isolated word: it has cognates in Frisian and some Dutch dialects. ) is obscure. Oat is not akin to eat or goat and hardly a substrate word in West Germanic.

The vowels in gı@et(a) and gı@t(a) are traceable to y@. Despite the similarity between gy@ta and ge@ta, their etymons must have been different, because e@ in ge@ta cannot be derived from y@ (ı@e, ı@). The protoform of ge@ta was, as it seems, *e@-ta (a synonym of *iu-ta), which later got initial /j/ under the influence of gy@ ta, gı@eta, gı@ta. The existence of /j/ in the protoform is less likely. ModE yit, now obsolete or dialectal, goes back to gı@t. The history of G jetzt ‘now’ (< *iú-ze < *ı@u-zuo) is similar to that of yet.

Skeat’s great 1882 dictionary was reset only for the 4th edition. Therefore, Skeat1 means Skeat1–3. Citations in the text have the form as in: Tobler (1846:46), or if the name occurs in parentheses, then: (Tobler [1846:46]), without a space between the colon and the page number. Dictionaries are cited without dates: Wright, IEW, and so on, but when a dictionary-maker is cited as the author of an article or book, the reference has the usual form, for instance, Skeat (1887:468, 470). When an article is contained within the space of one page, the page number has been left out: Collyns (1857), rather than Collyns (1857:258).

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