By Didier Montet, R.C. Ray
Aquaculture is at present one of many quickest turning out to be construction sectors on the earth. It now bills for almost part (45%) of the world�s nutrition fish (which refers to construction of aquatic animals: fish, crustaceans, molluscs, amphibians) and this bring up is predicted to arrive 50% in 2015. Genetic engineering and biotechnology have contributed greatly to this box. the main accepted equipment in fish biotechnology are chromosome manipulation and hormone remedy which might be used to provide triploid, tetraploid, haploid, gynogenetic and androgenetic fish.
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Extra info for Aquaculture Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 1
J. Fish. Biol. 59: 62-78. C. T. (2003). Marine biotechnology. First Joint Trans-Atlantic Fisheries Technology Conference (TAFT), Reykjavik, Iceland. S. T. (2007). Biotechnology in aquaculture: transgenics and polyploidy. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Safety 6: 2-16. A. (1991). Inhibition of ice crystal growth by fish antifreezes. ACS Symposium series—American Chemical Society 444: 249-255. A. and Maclean, N. (1999). ) following heat-shock-induced triploidy. Mar. Biotechnol. 1: 533-544. S. (2006). Production of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid-containing oils in transgenic land plants for human and aquaculture nutrition.
The reporter gene activity that is proportional to the concentration of the chemical can be easily assayed in the intact live zebrafish. , 2000). These fish are transgenic for specific genes, originally developed for rodents, spliced to prokaryotic vectors. The effects of long-term consumption of GM foods are unknown. Also insertion of foreign genes into species might result in production of toxins or allergens that were not present previously (Galli, 2002). Another potential area of concern is that increased disease resistance of transgenic fish might make them better hosts for new pathogens, which could then be passed on to humans through consumption (FAO, 2000).
Also insertion of foreign genes into species might result in production of toxins or allergens that were not present previously (Galli, 2002). Another potential area of concern is that increased disease resistance of transgenic fish might make them better hosts for new pathogens, which could then be passed on to humans through consumption (FAO, 2000). Allergens or toxins may be produced as a result of gene transfer if the transgene codes for an allergenic protein or a protein that induces expression of a previously inactive toxin (Kelly, 2005).
Aquaculture Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 1 by Didier Montet, R.C. Ray