By Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S. Thomas, Sheila Wertz-Kanounnikoff,
Regardless of the great variety of books and studies on tropical deforestation, there is confusion in regards to the factors of wooded area loss and woodland poverty, and the effectiveness of coverage responses. At Loggerheads seeks to explain how you can reconcile pressures for agricultural growth within the tropics with the pressing wishes for either woodland conservation and poverty relief. It diagnoses the factors and affects of wooded area loss and the explanations for the organization of forests and poverty. It seems at how guidelines - modulated by means of neighborhood stipulations - act concurrently on deforestation and poverty, developing tradeoffs or complementarities, reckoning on the location. The record brings to the outside difficulties that hamper adoption of beneficial regulations, describing institutional and technological ideas that will support conquer those impediments.
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Additional info for At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, And Environment in the Tropical Forests (World Bank Policy Research Report)
Thus, careful planning and regulation of road construction, and coordination of road policies with land and forest tenure regularization, can minimize trade-offs between rural incomes and environmental protection. Similarly, policy-induced increases in agricultural commodity prices could beneﬁt rural populations but will tend to increase pressures for forest conversion; these side effects need to be anticipated. Special attention needs to be paid to the challenges of reducing poverty in remote areas with low population densities.
Cerrado conversion comes at an environmental price that is large but difﬁcult to quantify. The cerrado is home to 4,400 plant species found nowhere else and is one of the planet’s most important biodiversity hotspots. Yet this Recently cleared farmland abuts Amazônian forest in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. © Louise Cobb / Corbis SABA. 21 AT L O G G E R H E A D S ? irreplaceable biodiversity is hard to monetize. It can’t compare with African savannas in terms of large, charismatic mammals (though it does boast a splendid anteater) and so cannot support an extensive ecotourism industry.
The population densities of less remote Asian edge forests, at about 85 per square kilometer, are high enough to suggest long-settled areas dependent on agroforestry or planted forests. While most of these areas are unlikely to be expansion frontiers, some could be disputed. Africa and Latin America have about 165 million people living in nonsavanna forests, and Africa has 185 million people in savanna woodlands. • Forest edges contain most forest dwellers. 0 All <8 Forest cores Africa Latin America and Caribbean Biome Agricultural lands Forest edges Area (thousands of square kilometers) Mosaiclands Continent Agricultural lands Mosaic forest Hours to major city Hours to major city >8 Hours to major city Hours to major city Biome <8 <8 >8 <8 >8 Forests Savannas 114 1,189 54 480 440 778 130 284 480 1,446 466 1,012 693 3,024 1,206 4,307 Asia Forests Savannas 1,684 15 169 1 636 1 517 13 2,045 8 1,527 12 594 0 563 3 Forests Savannas 993 566 222 257 922 324 331 170 1,622 749 1,947 636 647 259 4,458 323 Forests Savannas 2,792 1,770 445 737 1,998 1,104 978 467 4,148 2,203 3,941 1,660 1,934 3,283 6,226 4,633 All <8 Forest cores Africa Latin America and Caribbean >8 Forest edges Source: Authors’ calculations based on CIESIN 2004a, b, c and ECJRC 2003; see appendix B.
At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, And Environment in the Tropical Forests (World Bank Policy Research Report) by Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S. Thomas, Sheila Wertz-Kanounnikoff,