Download e-book for iPad: Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands by Ayhan Demirbas

By Ayhan Demirbas

ISBN-10: 1848825102

ISBN-13: 9781848825109

Climate switch, environmental influence and declining typical assets are riding clinical learn and novel technical strategies. Green strength and Technology serves as a publishing platform for clinical and technological techniques to "green" - i.e., environmentally pleasant and sustainable - applied sciences. whereas the main target lies on strength and gear provide, the sequence additionally covers eco-friendly ideas in commercial engineering and engineering layout. Green power and Technology is a monograph sequence addressing researchers, complex scholars and technical specialists, in addition to selection makers in and politics. the extent presentation levels from tutorial to hugely technical.

The glossy global is dealing with 3 severe difficulties: excessive gas costs, weather switch, and pollution. Biohydrogen: For destiny Engine gas Demands covers the construction, purification, garage, pipeline shipping, utilization, and safeguard of biohydrogen. Hydrogen grants to be the main major gas resource of the long run, as a result of its international availability and the truth that water is its basically spinoff. Biofuels equivalent to bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced utilizing applied sciences for thermochemically and biologically changing biomass. Hydrogen gasoline construction applied sciences could make use of both non-renewable resources, or renewable resources equivalent to wind, sun, and biorenewable resources.

Biohydrogen: For destiny Engine gas Demands reports the entire glossy biomass-based transportation fuels, together with bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and gasoline cells. The booklet additionally discusses problems with biohydrogen economic system, coverage and environmental impression. Biohydrogen seems to be set to be the gasoline of selection sooner or later, changing either fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.

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Extra resources for Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands

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Hydrogen is strategically important as it has low emission, is environmentally benign, and represents a cleaner and more sustainable energy system. Hydrogen seems to be the future energy carrier by the virtue of being renewable. Hydrogen is not a primary fuel. It must be manufactured from water with either fossil or non-fossil energy sources. Widespread use of hydrogen as an energy source could improve global climate change, energy efficiency, and air quality. The thermochemical conversion processes, such as pyrolysis, gasification and steam gasification are available for converting the biomass to a more useful energy.

In the short to medium term, biomass waste and residues are expected to dominate the biomass supply, to be substituted by energy crops in the longer term. The future of biomass electricity generation lies in biomass integrated gasification/gas turbine technology, which offers high energy conversion efficiencies. The electricity is produced by direct combustion of biomass, advanced gasification and pyrolysis technologies, which are almost ready for commercial-scale use. Biomass is burned to produce steam and the steam turns a turbine and drives a generator, producing electricity.

Methods developed for treatment of landfill leachates can be classified as physical, chemical and biological, which are usually used in combinations in order to improve the treatment efficiency. Biological treatment methods used for the leachate treatment can be classified as aerobic, anaerobic and anoxic processes which are 36 1 Introduction widely used for the removal of biodegradable compounds (Kargi and Pamukoglu, 2004a). Biological treatment of landfill leachate usually results in low nutrient removals because of high chemical oxygen demand (COD), high ammonium-N content and the presence of toxic compounds such as heavy metals (Uygur and Kargi, 2004).

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Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands by Ayhan Demirbas

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