By Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine
Totally revised and up-to-date for the 7th variation, this market-leading dictionary is the suitable consultant for a person learning biology, both in class or college.
With greater than 5,500 transparent and concise entries, it offers complete insurance of biology, biophysics, and biochemistry. Over 250 new entries comprise phrases reminiscent of Broca's area, comparative genomic hybridization, mirror neuron, and Pandoravirus.
Appendices contain classifications of the animal and plant kingdoms, the geological time scale, significant mass extinctions of species, version organisms and their genomes, Nobel prizewinners, and a brand new appendix on evolution.
Entry-level internet hyperlinks to on-line assets should be accessed through a spouse website.
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Extra resources for Biology Dictionary
ANABOLISM. Enzymatic synthesis (build-up) of more complex molecules from more simple ones. Anabolic processes include multi-stage photosynthesis, nucleic acid, protein and polysaccharide syntheses. ATP or an equivalent needs to be available and utilized for the reaction(s) to proceed. See CATABOLISM, GROWTH HORMONE, METABOLISM. ANADROMOUS. g. lampreys, salmon) which must ascend rivers and streams from the sea in order to breed. See OSMO - REGULATION. e. in the absence of free (gaseous or dissolved) oxygen.
The normal way by which muscles regain their relaxed shape after contraction is by being extended by antagonistic muscle contraction. COIltl-aSt SYNERGISM. ANTENNA. Paired, preoral, tactile and olfactory sense organs developing from. second or third embryonic somites of all arthropod classes other than Onychophora and Arachnida. Usually much jointed and mobile. In some crustaceans locomotory or for attachment, a pair of ANTEN NULES (Often regarded as antennae) typically occurring on the segment anterior to that with antennae.
ASTEROIDEA. Class of ECHINODERMATA. Starfishes. Star-shaped; arms, containing projections of gut, not sharply marked off from central part of body; mouth downwards; suckered TUBE FEET; spines and pedicillariae. Carnivorous (some notoriously on oysters or corals). I ASTHMA. See ALLERGIC REACTION. 43 ATP ASTROCYTE. One type of GLIAL CELL of central nervous system. Star-shaped, with numerous processes, they provide mechanical support for transmitting cells by twining round them and attaching them to their blood vessels.
Biology Dictionary by Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine