New PDF release: Biopolitics and International Values. Investigating Liberal

By Ralph Pettman

ISBN-10: 0080263283

ISBN-13: 9780080263281

ISBN-10: 0080263291

ISBN-13: 9780080263298

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Human behavior is comprehensible only because of what it actually means to those who do the behaving and to those who do the analyzing. The context of shared symbols and assumptions that drapes any act that is not patently insane in a rich cloak of social significance is an essential part of every explanation of any human event. What does all this imply for a scientific understanding of human values? There is an important distinction here between an intuitive appreciation of values that locates them outside of nature, of the sort Plato had, for example, and one that grounds them in biosocial needs and the "fulfillment of natural tendencies," as Aristotle did.

Dobzhansky, " T w o Contrasting World V i e w s , " in J. , Beyond Chance and Necessity (London: Garnstone Press, 1974); J. Chiari, The Necessity of Being (London: Paul Elek, 1973); W. Thorpe, Purpose in a World of Chance (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978). 5 1 . D. Campbell, " 'Downward Causation' in Hierarchically Organised Biological Systems," in Ayala and Dobzhansky, Studies, p . 183. 52. , R. Alexander, " T h e Search for a General Theory of Behavior," Behavioral Science: 20 (1975): 77-100 and " T h e Search for an Evolutionary Philosophy of M a n , " Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, vol.

87. B. Parekh, " T h e Philosopher and the Polis in the Thought of Hannah Arendt" (Paper presented to the 11th World Congress of the International Political Science Association, August 1979). 88. C. Frankel, "Sociobiology and its Critics," Commentary 6 8 , no. 1 (July 1979): 44. 89. , p . 46. 90. Plamenatz, Man and Society, vol. Π, pp. 321-2. 9 1 . I. Berlin, " T h e Originality of Machiavelli" in Against the Current (New York: The Viking Press, 1980). 92. R. : Free Press, 1976), p . 42. 9 3 .

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Biopolitics and International Values. Investigating Liberal Norms by Ralph Pettman


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