By A. J. N. Tremearne
From the INTRODUCTION.
for a very long time there were numerous English methods of spelling Hausa phrases. In 1910, despite the fact that, an attempt used to be made to set up an authoritative method, and there's no doubt that during time this — or a amendment of it — may be the just one famous. regrettably it kind of feels to have a few critical defects at this time, although i've got followed it so far as i will be able to comprehend it in those stories as the British organization (which physique is bearing the cost of e-book) needed them to be to be had quite often. Bornu has been rendered Barno within the Hausa textual content for this reason, however it is to be was hoping that the previous spelling is just not altered in English, for it's a lot the higher. while, an identical observe has been spelt another way at any time when the narrators have mentioned it in a different way, hence taffi or tehhi to head, dibi or debe to take out, &c., as the booklet is a list of folk-lore, and never a thesis upon the language. for a similar cause error within the grammar were left uncorrected, notwithstanding it truly is was hoping that the notes which precede the tales will clarify lots of the problems. those notes have been written among 1904 and 1909, and notwithstanding a few have because seemed somewhere else they need to be of use as a advisor. they're established upon the well-known text-books (which they could under no circumstances substitute in fact) and private observations. All Hausa scholars have been requested to assist in forming a approach, so it truly is entitled to admire, and as I had no time to reply to the invitation i need to no longer bitch simply because yes issues which I had famous privately weren't taken under consideration by way of the committee. they must be said despite the fact that, even though most of the time there is not any doubt that the committee did their paintings good, simply because as a result of the truth that the Hausa vowels are much more variable than these of the English language, it's virtually very unlikely to spell a observe in any such approach as to point its designated pronunciation. The method used to be no longer meant to be of a systematic personality, it was once drawn up for useful reasons with the view of manufacturing uniformity.
to set up a customary is quite tricky, for the pronunciation varies within the diversified provinces (Sokoto, Sokwoto, &c.), as does the grammar (mata tasa, mata tas, mata tai, matanshi) and the vocabulary (the verb "to be" in Sokoto is a, whereas there are numerous neighborhood eccentricities equivalent to the interrogative ye in Jemaa, and the o in Keffi). back, Arabic effect is more suitable within the international locations within the Sudan than in these closer the coast, and it exhibits itself within the speech. finally, little or no cognizance is paid via the Hausas themselves to principles of grammar, specifically these re contract in gender, so nice laxity will be allowed to Europeans — even in examinations….