By Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (eds.)
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Extra resources for Central European History and the European Union: The Meaning of Europe
He proposed a democratic and federal redefinition of the Habsburg state and found an immediate demonstration in the Parliament of Kromer íz (Kremsier) in 1849. The final project of the new Austrian Constitution, on which the parliamentary committee had managed to find an agreement just before its dissolution, constituted a realistic compromise between the various points of view and gave the Habsburg dynasty a precious instrument to block nationalistic aspirations and to accept the autonomy y Federalism d l in Centrall Europe: Past and d Present 27 requests off the h different d ff nationall components.
The geo-historical area from the Baltic to the Aegean Sea distinguishes itselff also for being a place of autonomous cultural elaboration. However, there is not only nationalism, which, among other things, is an imported product (from Romanticism and the Napoleonic Wars) and a reaction to external dangers, especially the unification of Germany in 1871. More than nationalism, we can speak of national self-defence. The intelligentsia of these regions was the author of original cultural and political movements in a democratic-liberal and democratic-socialist sense, such as is found in federalist thinking.
The Catholics met the challenge of higher education with the creation of the University of Trnava under the patronage of the Jesuits. ’18 Initially the university had only two faculties, philosophy and theology. They were certainly the most important faculties for the Counter-Reformation, yet in time the Faculty of Philosophy played a role in the intellectual ferment that characterized the Renaissance when natural science imposed itselff as an independent discipline, challenging the conventional philosophical wisdom of the period.
Central European History and the European Union: The Meaning of Europe by Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (eds.)