By Roy Quantick
Climatology - really the learn of adverse and important climatic conditions - is of significant value to pilots now that aeroplanes fly over formerly unavailable routes similar to the North Pole and take direct routes over very huge oceans.Existing books on climatology tackle actual, organic or cultural environments and don't offer sufficient details for the pilot. Nor do the current books on aviation meteorology supply adequate aspect on topics akin to arid climates, tropical storms and higher tropospheric winds and temperatures.This new booklet concentrates on facets of climatology which are very important for contemporary aviation, together with temperature, precipitation, sun radiation, winds and nearby climatic environments from round the world.Although the e-book has been written with the airline pilot in brain, it is going to even be an important reference for Air shipping Pilot Licence education employees and for ATPL scholars. it's going to even be of curiosity to operational course making plans employees and scholars of climatology.
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Additional info for Climatology for airline pilots
The relation between features of the 500 millibar and surface charts The 500 mb contour chart can present a useful guide to the location and scale of surface systems. 3 (charts are for March). A closed cyclonic vortex at 500mb is usually associated with a surface depression; the systems may be more or less concentric or the surface low may be immediately to the east of the upper vortex. Examples are the vortices over the Norwegian Sea, the Aleutians and Alaska and the vortex south of Greenland.
Albedo (of surface) = global radiation reflected by surface global radiation falling on surface A great deal of the radiation falling on snow or ice is reflected. 50 for old (dirty) snow surfaces. 20. 05. 70 when the 20 Global Weather radiation is near horizontal. 65. Temperature differences between land and sea surfaces The temperature increase of the Earth's surface when absorbing solar radiation is very variable. It depends in part on the distance to which heat penetrates and partly on the specific heat of the material.
The more oceanic climates have an autumn and winter maximum of precipitation, the less oceanic climates have a summer to autumn maximum. These climates are not generally given to extremes of heat and cold. The climatic type is both well developed and well documented over the North Atlantic and Western Europe and can be taken as typical of the other areas. As most of Europe is open to invasions of maritime zonal westerlies, the change eastward from marine to continental climates is very gradual, and marine effects are still obvious in Eastern Europe.
Climatology for airline pilots by Roy Quantick