By Blayne Haggart
Widespread dossier sharing has led content material industries – publishers and vendors of books, song, movies, and software program – to view their consumers as starting to be threats to their survival. content material companies and their allies, in particular the U.S. govt, have driven for better worldwide copyright rules via foreign treaties and family copyright reforms. web businesses, contributors, and public-interest teams have driven again, with sizeable road protests in Europe and on-line “internet blackouts” that derailed the 2012 U.S. cease on-line Piracy Act (SOPA). yet can electorate or smaller nations fairly stand within the approach of the U.S. copyright juggernaut?
To solution this question, Copyfight examines the 1996 global highbrow estate association web treaties that started the present electronic copyright regime. Blayne Haggart follows the WIPO treaties from negotiation to implementation from the viewpoint of 3 nations: the USA, Canada, and Mexico. utilizing large interviews with policymakers and specialists in those 3 international locations, Haggart argues that now not the entire energy is within the fingers of the U.S. executive. Small international locations can nonetheless set their very own direction on copyright laws, whereas starting to be public curiosity in copyright matters signifies that even the USA may stream clear of ever-increasing copyright protection.
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Consequently, elite interviews were the most appropriate means of approaching the subject. Questions were modified depending on the expertise of the subject and for any developments in what remains an A Most Unlikely Debate 31 ongoing issue. Most participants agreed to participate in on-the-record, for-attribution interviews, although some asked that their comments be not for attribution. In certain cases, I was unable to interview those directly involved in the debate. In Canada, entreaties to the Canadian Recording Industry Association and the Canadian Motion Pictures Distribution Association, the two main players in the Canadian debate, were never acknowledged.
The United States, the main proponent of the treaties, quickly implemented the treaties with the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), which went far beyond what the treaties required. The DMCA became the preferred model of the United States and its allied content industries (in particular the motion picture and music industries) in their campaign to persuade other countries to implement the Internet treaties. As will be discussed in chapter 6, the DMCA extended strong legal protections to digital locks, which allow copyright owners (or, rather, whoever controls the locks) to set the terms under which someone can access a work.
Copyfight: The Global Politics of Digital Copyright Reform by Blayne Haggart