By Mary E. Odem
Antisocial Daughters explores the gender, type, and racial tensions that fueled campaigns to manage lady sexuality in overdue 19th- and early twentieth-century the United States. Mary Odem seems at those ethical reform activities from a countrywide point of view, yet she additionally undertakes an in depth research of courtroom files to discover the neighborhood enforcement of regulatory laws in Alameda and la Counties in California. From those felony lawsuits emerge overlapping and infrequently contradictory perspectives of middle-class lady reformers, court docket and cops, working-class teenage ladies, and working-class parents.Odem lines certain phases of ethical reform. the 1st begun in 1885 with the circulation to elevate the age of consent in statutory rape legislation as a way of shielding younger women from predatory males. through the flip of the century, besides the fact that, reformers had come to view sexually lively girls no longer as sufferers yet as delinquents, they usually known as for specified police, juvenile courts, and reformatories to regulate wayward women. Rejecting an easy hierarchical version of sophistication keep an eye on, Odem unearths a fancy community of struggles and negotiations between reformers, officers, teenage ladies and their households. She additionally addresses the paradoxical results of reform via demonstrating that the protecting measures recommended by means of middle-class ladies usually ended in coercive and discriminatory rules towards working-class women.
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Extra info for Delinquent Daughters: Protecting and Policing Adolescent Female Sexuality in the United States, 1885-1920 (Gender and American Culture)
As a result of this rape, Minnie bears an illegitimate child and is forced to become a prostitute; Preston and his father return to their comfortable bourgeois home and family. Mr. Mansfield lives a long and prosperous life, but Preston's fate is not such a happy one. He is tortured by guilt over his cruel treatment of Minnie and eventually commits suicide because his past immorality prevents him from marrying the virtuous girl he loves. , published in 1892, offers a ringing condemnation of the low age of consent.
The low age of consent in the United States also stirred the Woman's Christian Temperance Union into action, and the political skills and tactics honed in the temperance movement allowed its members quickly to assume leading roles in the campaign. " This petition circulated among many local WCTU branches throughout the country, provoking a flood of letters to state legislatures in support of more stringent consent laws. The WCTU also organized a national petition drive to institute a higher age of consent in the nation's capital and the territories.
Mr. Mansfield, the key patriarch in the f i s t story, had caused the moral corruption of his own son and destroyed the life of an innocent working girl. In the second story, Ettie's own father had favored setting the age of consent at twelve years and thus had contributed to the downfall of his daughter. "~~ The dismal failure of fathers convinced reformers that it was up to the mothers of the country to see that young women and girls were adequately protected. Frances Willard called on WCTU members to join the battle with the followingdeclaration at the organizatidn,s annual meeting in 1885: "Women only can induce law-makers to furnish this most availing of all possible methods of protection to the physically weak.
Delinquent Daughters: Protecting and Policing Adolescent Female Sexuality in the United States, 1885-1920 (Gender and American Culture) by Mary E. Odem