Tim Hitchcock's English Sexualities, 1700–1800 PDF

By Tim Hitchcock

ISBN-10: 0312165730

ISBN-13: 9780312165734

ISBN-10: 0312165749

ISBN-13: 9780312165741

ISBN-10: 0333618351

ISBN-13: 9780333618356

ISBN-10: 134925407X

ISBN-13: 9781349254071

The eighteenth century witnessed the beginning of the 1st recognisably sleek sexual identities. This ebook charts the improvement of these identities during the exam of pornography, sexual perform, clinical trust, social coverage, and the cultures of homosexuality, lesbianism, and heterosexually. It concludes that the century observed a sexual revolution within which sexual perform itself replaced. From a tradition during which mutual masturbation and mutable sexual different types have been the norm, eighteenth-century England turned a society more and more involved to foster penetrative and procreative sexual behaviour. within the procedure, newly harsh divisions among women and men have been created and strengthened, and new versions of either femininity and masculinity have been created. This ebook charts a chain of complicated interrelationships among adjustments in language and perform, and means that males have been more and more inspired to take a position their masculinity in an unique wish for the other intercourse, whereas ladies have been driven in the direction of a sexual identification within which motherhood got here to dominate, and within which girl lust used to be denigrated or denied. while, new gay and lesbian identities have been likewise created and denigrated.

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English Sexualities, 1700–1800 by Tim Hitchcock PDF

The eighteenth century witnessed the delivery of the 1st recognisably smooth sexual identities. This booklet charts the advance of these identities throughout the exam of pornography, sexual perform, scientific trust, social coverage, and the cultures of homosexuality, lesbianism, and heterosexually.

Extra info for English Sexualities, 1700–1800

Example text

At the end of the seventeenth century the population of England was essentially stagnant, following a period of relatively rapid growth which had ended in the middle of the century. This period of population stagnation, between approximately 1650 and 1750, was most fundamentally characterised by late age at marriage. Men married at a mean age of approximately twenty-eight years and women at around twenty-seven years. This tendency to marry at a very late age, the European marriage pattern, was unique to Western Europe and the early-modern period (reaching an extreme in late-seventeenth-century England), and ensured that the overall fertility rate for the population was relatively low.

All people were believed to be on a gradient from male to female characteristics, depending on the quantity and quality of humoral life essence possessed by each individual. There were, of course, strong value judgements placed on the various poles of these gradients. Men were perceived to be naturally more rational, strong and intellectual than women, who were frequently thought to be lacking in the qualities endowed upon the individual by possession of a strong humoral essence. Women were hence likely to be irrational, physically weak and shorter lived.

None of these explanations have remained unchallenged, and none fit the demographic evidence very well. 11 There is a forty-year time lag between the rise in real wages and the drop in marriage age, and although this has been explained in terms of parental attitudes, and hence generational factors, the disparity in the chronology of these transitions remains. Changes in age at marriage, bastardy rates and proportion marrying occurred both in villages affected by industrial change and in other types of communities at about the same time.

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English Sexualities, 1700–1800 by Tim Hitchcock

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